(U.S. Pacific, Hook-and-line)
California halibut caught by hook-and-line is a "Best Choice" because populations are stable and the fishing method does not harm other ocean life.
California Flounder, Chicken Halibut, Monterey Halibut, Southern Halibut, Hirame
The legal market name for California halibut is California flounder and it may be found in the marketplace as "halibut." California halibut is available year-round as fillets, steaks, chunks and whole fish.
Environmental Defense Fund has issued a health advisory for California halibut due to high levels of mercury.
California halibut is a popular recreational and commercially caught fish that ranges from Washington to Baja California, but is most commonly found south of San Francisco. The northern sub-population is healthy and abundant, while the southern sub-population is at a low, but stable level. Halibut are fished with bottom trawls, bottom gillnets and by hook-and-line. The bottom trawl fishery results in bycatch of numerous fish and invertebrate species, and the bottom gillnet fishery results in bycatch of some protected species, such as marine mammals and white sharks. In contrast, the hook-and-line fishery is very selective, and incidentally caught species can be released alive, making this fishery a "Best Choice," while California halibut caught by bottom trawl or bottom gillnet is a "Good Alternative."